Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) for your Property

PAT or Portable Appliance Testing is performed to ensure the integrity of each appliance in a business or workplace. Employers and landlords have a duty to maintain safety in these spaces. PAT Testing is one of the ways to make sure appliances and electrical equipment are functioning properly and are not safety risks to their surroundings.  If you need testing done on your appliances, Prop Cert’s team of well trained electricians has worked with a wide variety of manufacturers and can give you reliable results and recommendations.

Two Tests

PAT essentially has two parts – a visual inspection and an electronic test. Both parts are necessary and fulfilling just one of them may leave out important information.

The visual inspection is carried out thoroughly and completely. At times, a potentially dangerous issue is only evident on the outside, like an exposed wire, for example. The electronic examination is done by passing signals through the appliance’s cable. Appropriate tools are needed for this. And like the first inspection, some problems can only be found on this second test.

Here are some of the hazards that testers watch out for:

  • Exposure to possible conductors that may cause electrocution
  • Current faults that may result in heat and fire
  • Intermittent connection which may also lead to fire


After PAT has been done, you will receive a list of all the appliances and equipment that were tested. It will include the results for each item. If there are items that failed or exhibited issues, the list will also include reasons and possibilities. The report will say when each appliance is due for another test.

  • Code C1 (\'Danger Present\') - Anybody using the faulty installation is at risk. A repair must be performed as soon as possible. A qualified person must ensure the installation will be safe to use moving forward.
  • Code C2 (\'Potentially Dangerous\') - There is no immediate threat but the damage is likely to pose a threat in the future.
  • Code C3 (\'Improvement Recommended\') –The damage may not present an immediate or potential danger but would result in a significantly safer environment if remedied.

Examples of Code C1 include exposed live wires that are accessible to human touch and conductive parts that have become exposed.

Examples of Code C2 include the absence or a reliable earthing, and when a metallic pipe is used for flammable liquids like gases.

Examples of Code C3 include the absence of a \'Safety Electrical Connection - Do Not Remove\' sign, and socket outlets mounted incorrectly.

Why Prop Cert?

Since 2010, we have been providing businesses like you commercial EPCs and other similarly important documents quickly, reliably, and affordably. We take pride in the work we have been doing and it shows in the quality of our service. Call us to schedule a visit today.

Frequency of Testing

Other equipment may need to be checked more frequently than others. It mainly depends on what the item is, how often it’s used, and what kind of environment it’s being used in. Some appliance types need more attention, like handheld ones that generally need to be tested more frequently.

A periodic inspection must be carried out when selling a previously owned house, or if the property is a house in multiple occupation (HMO).

Where We Come In

The law requires landlords to ensure their electrical installations are checked by a qualified person every five years.
Likewise, it is their responsibility to maintain the integrity of the installations throughout the tenant\'s stay
New regulations from the Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector state:

  • By 1 July 2020, a landlord must give a tenant an accomplished EICR before their move-in date. The rules will apply only to new tenancies.
  • By 1 April 2021, a landlord must supply any current tenants with an EICR

Failure to comply with regulations can cost fees of up to £30,000

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